European resolution on fair working conditions, rights and social protection

Analysis of the main points of the European resolution on working conditions for digital platform workers

The debate surrounding the regulation of work on digital platforms is at the center of attention in several countries. In November 2020, California approved the “App-Based Drivers as Contractors and Labor Policies Initiative”, known as Proposition 22, regulating the relationship between app drivers and delivery people and the platforms. In May 2021, it was Spain's turn to approve Royal Decree-ley 9/2021, popularized as Ley Rider, which established requirements for the presumption of an employment relationship between platforms and delivery people, as well as the right to information about decisions taken based on algorithmic management. In Brazil, the topic is the subject of more than a hundred bills being processed in the National Congress.

At the European level, the growth of work on platforms in the region's countries led to the topic being incorporated into President Ursula von der Leyen's Program Charter, for the 2019-2024 mandate, and into the European Commission's work program for the year of 2021. Furthermore, a series of judicial precedents in countries in the bloc have generated pressure for legislative responses (for example, the Ley Rider, mentioned above, which resulted from a social dialogue established shortly after the Superior Court's decision in the case “Rider vs. Glovo”).

As a consequence of this political and social movement, the European Parliament approved, on September 16, 2021, a Resolution on fair working conditions, rights and social protection for digital platform workers. This Technical Note presents comments on the highlights of the Resolution, formulated based on studies conducted by CEPI FGV Direito SP within the scope of the “Future of Work and Gig Economy” project.



Thematic briefing

FGV Direito SP


Overall coordination
Alexandre Pacheco da Silva
Marina Feferbaum

Research leader
Ana Paula Camelo

Research Co-Leader
Guilherme Forma Klafke

Ana Carolina Rodrigues Dias Silveira
Arthur Cassemiro Bishop
Bruno Ett Bicego
Gabriela Marcassa Thomaz de Aquino
Olivia Q. Figueiredo Pasqualeto

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